Journal Articles

Financial Crisis, Safety Nets and Regulation

2008, Rivista Italiana degli Economisti

Michele U. Fratianni


The historical record shows that financial crises are far from being a rare a phenomenon; they occur often enough to be considered part of the workings of finance capitalism.  While there is no single hypothesis that can best explain all crises, the implications of the credit boom-and-bust hypothesis, supplemented with asymmetric information, are consistent with the onset and development of many crises, including the current subprime crisis. Governments have reacted to crises by erecting a vast and growing safety net. In turn, to minimize their risk exposure, they have also put in place expansive systems of regulation and supervision.  The unwinding of the current crisis will mark a big enlargement of the safety net and moral hazard, as well as a predictable flurry of  policy proposals aimed at closing  past regulatory loopholes. The maintained hypothesis is that regulatory and market failures are inexorably intertwined.


Michele U. Fratianni, "Financial Crises, Safety Nets, and Regulation", Rivista Italiana degli Economisti, 2008, XIII (2): 169-207.


bailout, credit, crisis, money, moral hazard, regulation, safety net, subprime

Kelley School of Business

Faculty & Research