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Indiana University Bloomington

Operations & Decision Technologies

Kelley Advantage

Our Operations, Analytics and Information Systems faculty have written many of the definitive textbooks in the areas of operations, data analysis, database management, networking, and Excel modeling.

Recent Publications

Journal Articles

Multi-Period Remanufacturing Planning with Uncertain Quality of Inputs

2010, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management

Meltem Denizel, Mark Ferguson, Gilvan C. Souza


In this paper we consider production planning of remanufactured products when inputs have different and uncertain quality levels, and there are capacity constraints. This situation is typical of most remanufacturing environments, where inputs are product returns (also called cores). Production (remanufacturing) cost increases as the quality level decreases, and any unused cores may be salvaged at a value that increases with their quality level. Decision variables include, for each period and under a certain probabilistic scenario, the amount of cores to grade, the amount to remanufacture for each quality level and the amount of inventory to carry over for future periods for un-graded cores, graded cores, and finished remanufactured products. Our model is grounded with data collected at a major OEM that also remanufactures. We formulate the problem as a stochastic program, and illustrate how the deterministic version of the problem yields solutions that cannot be implemented in practice. The stochastic program, although a large linear program, can be solved easily using Cplex. We provide a numeric study to generate insights into the nature of the solution.


Denizel, Meltem, Mark Ferguson, and Gilvan C. Souza (2010), “Multi-Period Remanufacturing Planning with Uncertain Quality of Inputs,” IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 394-404.


Wickham Skinner Best Unpublished Paper Award, POM 2008