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Indiana University Bloomington

Doctoral Programs

1960 Notable

From 1960-2013, we prepared nearly 1,200 men and women
for rewarding academic careers — that’s more than any other university.

Journal Articles

Is Time Inconsistency Primarily a Male Problem?

2011, Applied Economics Letters

Jeff Prince, Dan Shawhan


We conduct a simple experiment, using real money, that tests whether men and woman differ in time consistency. The experiment provides strong evidence of time inconsistency among males, but no evidence of such behavior among females. Furthermore, the difference between males and females is statistically significant. This result could have important implications in marketing and in efforts to improve intertemporal decision-marking.


Prince, Jeff and Dan Shawhan (2011), “Is Time Inconsistency Primarily a Male Problem?,” Applied Economics Letters, Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 501-504.